Diabetic Dog Food
Diabetes mellitus the more common form of diabetes in dogs is due to lack of the hormone insulin. This hormone
is responsible for stimulating absorption of glucose from the blood stream. In absence of insulin, blood glucose
levels will be high and there will be excretion of glucose in urine (sweet urine)
When looking for the right kind of food that will meet the dietary needs of your diabetic dog look for a food
Is low in carbohydrates
In the body carbohydrates are broken down to yield glucose. Since diabetic dogs cannot control the level of this
glucose in blood stream the level of carbohydrates in any food given to them should be low. This is to make sure
that you do not worsen the condition by making the blood glucose levels even higher.
Low in sodium and fats
Fats are good in small quantities, but high levels of fats are undesirable due to the risk of excessive weight
gain. A lot of fats will also raise the demand for insulin.
Sodium is contained in salt. In diabetes, the dog will have increased thirst and may urinate a lot. Food high in
sodium will make this symptoms get worse since a lot of water is required when high slat concentrations are
High in protein and fibre
Use high protein sources that are low in fat. If you are using chicken, skin the meat since the chicken skin
contains a lot of fat.
Fibre will slows down movement of food along the digestive tract. This will slow down the rate at which
carbohydrates are metabolized to release glucose. Thus fibre acts to regulate the rate at which glucose enters the
blood stream from the intestine.
There are some dry foods that can be taken by diabetic dogs. However, most food that are dry are also high in
carbohydrates. For this reason, it is better to buy moist foods. If you can find a dry diabetic dog food then you
can try it out on your dog and observe to see how your dog reacts to it.
There are several commercial dog foods available for diabetic dogs. If you prefer to give your dog homemade food then keep in mind that the food should be balanced and in addition have the
qualities mentioned above. Most vets however do not recommend homemade diets since they are likely to be unbalanced
and this is not good for your dog.
Carbohydrates are important as they provide energy in the body, thus they shouldn’t be completely eliminated
from the diet. Good sources of carbohydrates to be included in diabetic dog food are those that contain complex
carbohydrates and also provide fibres. Such sources include brown rice and oats.
Too much protein is undesirable; include protein sources that provide high quality protein such as meat from
chicken, lamb and veal.
The key to avoiding foods that may not be right for your dog is to ensure that you only feed the dog his food.
When buying commercial dog food, stick to healthy dog foods. Avoid any foods that
contain fillers or preservatives.
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