Types And Uses Of Different Dog
Dog collars are aids that help owners maintain control of their dogs during training or when taking a walk.
A good dog collar should serve it’s purpose without causing harm or pain to the dog. There are many different
dog collars available to dog owners and trainers and all of them have slightly different uses.
1. Buckle collars
Are for everyday use and can be left on the dog. They should have a name tag attached to them. These collars are
also known as flat collars.
2. Choke collars
Used during training. These collars are also known as slip collars and apply gentle pressure on the throat
region if the dog tags on the leash. This pressure is uncomfortable to the dog and will discourage this
These collars should NEVER be left on the dog as they may get caught on something and strangulate the dog.
3. Prong/pinch collar
Used for dog obedience training. They have prongs turned inward
which will apply some force on various points on the dog’s neck. These collars are mostly used when training
To avoid causing the dog any harm, purchase a high quality prong collar and after training, ensure that the
collar is removed.
4. Martingale collar
This collar contains an extra chain loop that tightens if the leash is tugged. This causes the circumference of
the collar to reduce. Thus, they prevent a dog from being able to slip out of the collar.
They are also ideal for use on dogs with small heads such as greyhounds
5. Elizabethan collar
Used in dogs after surgery or those with wounds. They have a cone shape that ensures movement of the dog’s head
This is to prevent dogs from licking wounds and trying to remove sutures which may delay healing and cause
6. Halter type collar
They resemble halters used in horses. When pressure is applied on the leash, it causes the dog’s head to be
pulled to one side. This movement will cause the dog to stop tugging.
These are not common in training; they may be used for dogs suffering from conditions of the trachea or throat
which deter breathing. In places where dogs are used for draft purposes, harnesses are common and ensure that the
load is evenly distributed over the dogs.
8. Flea collar
Contain chemicals that are gradually released. These chemicals kill fleas. This type of collar should be used
with advice from a veterinarian.
These collars are not to be used alone; they are used in addition to a normal collar.
9. Break- away collars
Most collars normally have a quick release mechanism. However, this mechanism may at times fail to function.
Break away collars enable the dog to be able to break away if too much force is used or if the collar gets caught
10. Shock collars for dogs
This collar applies static current that gives the dog an uncomfortable sensation. Some animal welfare groups
advise against use of these collars. If you intend to use this type of collar choose the correct type of voltage,
you may test the collar on yourself just to be sure.
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