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How to Make a First Aid Kit for Your Pet

As a responsible dog owner, it is necessary that you know how to give your pet first aid in case of any accidents or illness.

The most advanced knowledge of first aid however, will not be useful if you lack some basic things to aid you in your attempt to save your pet’s life and reduce his suffering as you make that call to the vet.

The first aid kit should contain items that you will require in an emergency. These items are usually basic and inexpensive basic equipment to help you administer first aid.

When making a first aid kit, there are some few questions that will help you know what to include in the kit:

- What emergencies are you likely to encounter?

- How will you deal with them?

- Do I know how to use this equipment if the need arises?

Emergencies you are likely to encounter may include the following


Car Accidents



Poisoning (Food,rodenticide)


Cuts, bruises and wounds

Swallowing a foreign object

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In most of these cases, the dog is likely to be in pain and may become aggressive. The dog should be muzzled or you can also tie his mouth with a cloth to ensure he doesn’t bite you or the affected part

Immobilization is also important especially if you suspect the dog has suffered a fracture or dislocation or is seizing. Pets that are convulsing need to be kept away from stairs and walls to avoid falling down which may complicate the problem.

If the dog is bleeding extensively, then you need to arrest the bleeding by applying a tourniquet. Pets may also lose body fluid through vomiting and diarrhoea. In such cases, fluid therapy will be necessary to replace lost fluids.

Heatstroke and burns call for cooling of the dog’s body; this is done by cold compressing using ice packs, cool water or anything cold such as a soda can from the fridge.

Poisonings usually require detoxification either by way of inducing vomiting or gastric lavage to aid in expulsion of stomach contents.

A basic first aid kit should have the following items


  1. Scalpel blade or razor blade
  2. Rectal thermometer: to take temperature.
  3. Tweezers
  4. Scissors
  5. Muzzle
  6. Eye dropper: To administer pills

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  1. Activated charcoal: Reduces absorption of poison and controls diarrhoea
  2. Baking soda (sodium bicarbonate): soothing for skin
  3. Hydrogen peroxide: To induce vomiting, antiseptic
  4. Mentholated spirit (Rubbing alcohol): Antiseptic
  5. Kaopectate: To control diarrhoea


  1. Adhesive tape
  2. Gauze bandages
  3. Cotton wool
  4. Examination gloves
  5. Petroleum jelly
  6. Soap (medicated)
  7. Antiseptic wipes

It is also vital that you have a first aid guide in the kit for those cases that you do not know how to manage.

Some knowledge of first aid for your dog is necessary as it may mean the difference between life and death for your beloved companion when an accident occurs. Drugs should be used in the correct dosages to avoid toxicity. Stick the number of your vet to the top of the kit to serve as a reminder to call him in case of emergency.

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